There are two purposes for Comments in the Encyclopedia of Arkansas History & Culture. Comments can either add information to aid in the understanding of the entry or add information that provides an alternate interpretation of the historical record.

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During the 1910 census, my great-great-great-grandfather was listed. The 1920 census lists my great-great-great-grandmother as a widow. I have been trying to close a chapter in my family history. As you know, our black history is very limited in some areas. As for me, I have a timeline of ten years, 1910 to 1920, in the Delta of Bogy Township, Jefferson, Arkansas, just below Elaine, Arkansas. I am wondering if any group, agency, or government entity ever developed a list of the 100 or 237 black lynchings in 1919 in the Elaine area during that evil time in black history. Sandy Diggs or Toby Diggs was the name father and son, I'm trying to find what happened to them. Any information would be helpful. The information you have provided is great for families that lost people and is greatly needed. [Editor's note: A professor at UA Little Rock is working to compile such a list.]
Leonard Smith
Newport News, VA

I first learned of the Elaine Massacre today, February 7, 2017, and I am both saddened and angered. My sadness comes from the senseless murder of human beings--so many that there isn't an exact number, which is wrong on so many levels. How could anyone treat people with such horrendous disregard and violence? People often say they believe in God and that he doesn't make mistakes, yet they refuse to acknowledge we are all created equal by him. So sad. 
My anger comes from this being hidden/erased from history like the lives that were taken that day. No one even took the time to "confirm the number of kills," as if these people were as worthless as termites. That was 97 years ago but little has changed in the hearts of people. They still believe non-whites are a threat to their way of life. The fear is instilled by people who continue to voice the hatred of slave owners of 257 years ago and they don't see it as the source of belligerent race rations. These are the same people who don't understand why African Americans choose Black Lives Matter as a valid starting point. If we can't get people to recognize we matter, we will never get past the color of our skin being the reason for unemployment, violence, and intolerance by authorities simply because we're black. If we don't teach ALL AMERICAN HISTORY we miss a opportunity to learn about our part, examine our present, and plan and prepare for our future as, ONE NATION, UNDER GOD, INDIVISIBLE, WITH LIBERTY AND JUSTICE FOR ALL.

Rodger Griffin
Salt Lake City, UT

My great-uncles, Albert and Milligan Giles, were charged with murder. Do the families involved commemorate what happened in 1919?
Sheila L. Walker
Clay, NY