Narratives are personal stories that help enrich the reader’s understanding of a time period, person, place, or event. These are first-person views of history taken from personal recollections, memoirs, diaries, and oral histories.


Information included in this section is not fact checked by the Encyclopedia staff. The author of the Narrative is entirely responsible for its content.


I am a graduate of the class of 1976 of Shaw University in Raleigh, NC. Shaw was founded in 1865 by Rev. Henry Martin Tupper, a missionary to the South, to educate sons and daughters of freed African slaves after the Civil War.
As a student in the early 1970s, I was impressed by a mural in the library that had a vivid historical narrative. Journalists and visitors to campus often took pictures of the mural. Just yesterday (February 20, 2017), I was in the Shaw University library to take a picture of the mural. The mural tells a story and vital history of the African-American experience.
The mural's historical narrative fits perfectly with a book I am writing to mark 150 years of the university's educational mission, REVISITING SHAW'S UNIVERSE: FROM AFRICA TO THE AMERICAS. I am going to use a photo of the mural to give substance to the university's founding roots as an extension of the bigger African and African-American historical context.
Yesterday, I saw the artist's signature and the date of the work: Louis Freund, 1969. The mural is impressive and has maintained photogenic quality for all these years.
I wonder how long it took for Mr. Freund to complete this work of perfection. I just learned that he had passed in 1999.
I will use this space to thank Mr. Freund and his helpers for a great historical feat. His work speaks for him and his memory lives on at Shaw University.

Vincent Payin
Raleigh, NC