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IC Corporation, formerly Ward Transportation Services, Inc., is a school bus manufacturer that started up in Conway (Faulkner County). As of 2008, it has a sixty-two-percent share of the North American school bus market. The company has often been technologically innovative and, in 1936, was the first to produce a steel-bodied school bus. IC Corporation also offers hybrid technology in its buses.
IC Corporation was founded in 1933 by blacksmith David H. Ward as Ward Body Works, a company that originally made school bus bodies from wood. The name was later changed to Ward School Bus Manufacturing, Inc., a subsidiary of Ward Industries, Inc., and then to Ward Bus Company. In 1968, the company was handed over to Ward’s son Charles. By the 1970s, the company was the largest school bus manufacturer in the world, with twenty-five percent of the market share by 1973.
By 1980, however, increased consolidation in the school bus manufacturing industry, poor manufacturing quality, and low productivity, as well as poor company leadership (for example, spending federal loan monies on extravagant business ventures) forced the company into bankruptcy. It was subsequently sold by the Ward family and reorganized under new owners as the American Transportation Corporation (AmTran), although the company was still known locally by the Ward name. Family member Steve Ward, as a member of the dealer council that advised the manufacturing company on product and marketing issues, was given exclusive rights to sell AmTran buses within Arkansas.
In 1991, AmTran began building chassis (engine, frame, and running gear) and school bus bodies at the Conway site. Prior to this time, the chassis were shipped to the Conway site from separate truck manufacturers to be assembled. In 1995, the company was purchased in entirety by Navistar International Corporation/International Truck and Engine. In 1999, a new plant was scheduled to open for operation in Tulsa, Oklahoma, which drew upon many of the personnel from the Conway facility. In 2001, the company was again renamed, this time to IC Corporation, which remained a subsidiary of Navistar.
As of 2008, IC Corporation employed approximately 1,500 workers at its 160-acre, 750,000-square-foot Conway facility, with an output of thirty-three to thirty-eight buses per day. The factory produced a variety of school bus types, including conventional, forward, and rear engine models. The facility also produced a series of small buses, as well as chassis for United Parcel Service. Diamond State Bus Company, a school and commercial bus dealership in Conway, is the Arkansas dealer for IC Corporation buses. In November 2009 company officials announced multiple lay-offs effective January 2010. While the plant continues to manufacture some school bus parts, actual bus assembly is done at the company's plant in Tulsa, Oklahoma.
For additional information:Beck, Barry. “Ward Industries, Inc.: A Historical Study.” Faulkner Facts and Fiddlings 16 (Winter 1974): 67–83.
Aaron W. RogersConway, Arkansas
Last Updated 12/5/2011
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