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Nature Conservancy of Arkansas

The Nature Conservancy of Arkansas is part of the international Nature Conservancy headquartered in Arlington, Virginia. The Nature Conservancy’s mission is to preserve the plants, animals, and natural communities that represent the diversity of life on earth by protecting the lands and waters they need to survive.

The Nature Conservancy was incorporated on October 22, 1951, in Washington DC as a nonprofit organization. The Arkansas field office, established on April 12, 1982, became the organization’s twenty-ninth state program. The Arkansas program, which opened with about 250 members and a staff of three, has grown steadily in capacity and achievement. The conservancy now has about 6,000 members in Arkansas (the worldwide membership is about one million) and a staff of more than forty full-time and seasonal employees in nine locations.

The first director was Kay Kelley Arnold, who opened the office in Little Rock (Pulaski County). Charter board members were Charles L. Steel (chairman), H. R. “Randy” Wilbourn III, D. Allan Gates, Dr. John Simpson, Louisa Barker, John A. Cooper Jr., Tommy Goldsby, Henry Hodges, Kaneaster Hodges, David Snowden Sr., Ray Thornton, and Jim Walton. Nancy DeLamar became director in 1986. During her tenure through 2003, more than 200,000 acres in Arkansas were moved into conservation status, and she was awarded the 1993 National Wetlands Conservation Award from the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service in recognition of the conservancy’s involvement in a 41,000-acre land exchange that created a protected corridor between the Cache River and White River national wildlife refuges. Scott D. Simon became director after DeLamar, who now serves in a regional leadership position with the Nature Conservancy.

Arkansas’s unique geology and topography, coupled with abundant fresh water and annual rainfall, provide habitat for a rich variety of plants and animals, many found nowhere else. The conservancy engages in projects that protect thousands of species and hundreds of habitat types in Arkansas. In the Ozark Mountains ecoregion, research and protection projects in the karst ecosystem safeguard habitat for sensitive and endangered cave-dwelling creatures while protecting water quality and scenic beauty in northwest Arkansas. In south Arkansas, projects center on conservation of the remaining blackland prairies and sustainable management of native pine and hardwood forests. In the Ouachita Mountains, restoring oak woodlands and conserving river systems are the major areas of focus. In the Arkansas Delta, the Big Woods project includes conservation of bottomland hardwood forest and wetland ecosystems for migratory birds, big-river fish, black bears, and many other species. It was in the Big Woods of Arkansas that the ivory-billed woodpecker was rediscovered in 2004, giving heightened meaning to the work of the Nature Conservancy and many in the Delta over the preceding decades.

Working with a wide variety of partners and using the best available science, the Nature Conservancy identifies and conserves the landscapes and waterscapes where the richest and rarest biodiversity occurs. Major strategies include acquiring ecologically important land from willing sellers and donors; restoring degraded lands and waters; conducting prescribed burns to maintain fire-dependent habitats; promoting conservation-minded, sustainable land use practices in areas such as forestry, farming, ranching, and road construction; and researching, recording, and monitoring biodiversity.

The Nature Conservancy has played a role in conserving the following sites in Arkansas. The list below includes places where the Nature Conservancy owns property or conservation easements, and lands the Nature Conservancy has helped acquire and transfer to public agencies.




Bayou Meto Conservation Area


Overflow National Wildlife Refuge

Baxter, Stone, Searcy, Lee, Phillips

Scattered sites in Ozark-St. Francis National Forest


Bear Hollow Cave Preserve


Camden Hollow Preserve


Cave Springs Cave Natural Area

Benton & Carroll

Hobbs State Park-Natural Area


Baker Prairie Natural Area

Bradley, Drew

Warren Prairie Natural Area

Calhoun, Cleveland

Moro Bottoms


Kings River Preserve


Terre Noire Natural Area


Stateline Sand Ponds Natural Area


Eagle Bluff Preserve


Kingsland Prairie Preserve


Logoly State Park

Columbia, Lafayette, Nevada

Falcon Bottoms Natural Area


Mulberry River Preserve


Presson-Oglesby Preserve


Electric Island


Scatter Creek Wildlife Management Area


St. Francis Sunken Lands Wildlife Management Area


Columbus Prairie Preserve


Nacatoch Ravines Natural Area

Hempstead, Howard

Scattered blackland prairie sites

Hot Spring

Simpson Preserve on Trap Mountain


Stone Road Glade Natural Area

Howard, Polk

Cossatot River State Park-Natural Area


Crowley's Ridge South

Little River

White Cliffs Natural Area

Little River, Hempstead

Grassy Lake Conservation Area


Toltec Indian Mounds State Park

Lonoke, Pulaski

Holland Bottoms Wildlife Management Area


Possum Trot Escarpment Preserve


Sweden Creek Falls Natural Area


Big-eared Bat Conservation Area


Brooksher Crooked Creek Preserve


Miller County Sandhills Natural Area


Benson Creek Natural Area


Pine City Natural Area


White River Nature Center


Brushy Creek Preserve


Leatherwood Creek


Lyon Big Piney Creek Preserve


Smith Creek Preserve/Sherfield Cave


Central Sandhills Preserve


Burke Crowley's Ridge Preserve


Railroad Prairie Natural Area


Wattensaw Wildlife Management Area


Lorance Creek Natural Area


Dunnahoo Preserve


Dry Lost Creek Preserve


Lower Cossatot River Preserve


Strawberry River Preserve and Ranch


Blanchard Springs Caverns


Hell Creek Natural Area

Van Buren

Gulf Mountain Wildlife Management Area


Garrett Hollow Natural Area


Upper Lee Creek Preserve


Margaret M. Lightle Wilderness Area

Woodruff, Monroe, Jackson, Prairie, Poinsett, Arkansas

Cache River National Wildlife Refuge and scattered sites


Holla Bend National Wildlife Refuge

In addition to these sites, the Nature Conservancy conducts restoration and stewardship activities at other conservation areas through contracts and management agreements with the owners. The conservancy has also provided support in several other land transactions, such as the Arkansas-Idaho Land Exchange Act of 1992 between Potlatch Corporation and the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and the Arkansas-Oklahoma Land Exchange Act of 1996 between Weyerhaeuser Company and the USDA Forest Service.

For additional information:
The Nature Conservancy of Arkansas. (accessed October 29, 2015).

The Nature Conservancy of Arkansas Newsletters. University of Arkansas Libraries, Fayetteville, Arkansas.

Nancy S. DeLamar
The Nature Conservancy

Last Updated 10/29/2015

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