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Jo Garot McDougall (1935–)

Jo Garot McDougall is a poet of the Arkansas Delta. Her work is noted for its sparseness and evocation of small-town life. Her poems are subtle portraits of the lives of rural families, farmers, housewives, and the struggles and tragedies they face. She has won many prizes for her work, which has been published in books, magazines, and anthologies.

Jo Garot was born on December 15, 1935, and raised near DeWitt (Arkansas County). Her father, Leon Joseph Garot, was a rice farmer. Her mother, Ruth Maurine Merritt Garot, was a secondary education teacher. Garot has one sister, Nancy.

Garot grew up on a rice farm and received a degree in home economics from the University of Arkansas (UA) in Fayetteville (Washington County). She married rice farmer Charles McDougall and lived near Stuttgart (Arkansas County) for twenty years. They have a son, Charles William “Duke” McDougall III; their daughter, Charla Jo Stone, died in 1999.

Although she had published poetry in magazines, McDougall returned to UA in 1980 to pursue an MFA in creative writing. She studied with Jim Whitehead and Miller Williams, who she said helped her “cut the fat out” of her work. She graduated in 1985.

In 1986, McDougall began a year of teaching at Northeast Louisiana University (now the University of Louisiana at Monroe) and, from 1987 to 1998, taught at Pittsburg State University in Kansas, where she co-directed the university’s creative writing program. McDougall also taught at Hendrix College in Conway (Faulkner County) and the University of Arkansas at Little Rock (UALR). She took an emergency leave of absence because of family illness and retired from teaching in 1998. She lives with her husband in Leawood, Kansas.

McDougall has written five poetry collections: The Woman in the Next Booth (1987), Towns Facing Railroads (1991), From Darkening Porches (1996), Dirt (2001), and Satisfied With Havoc (2004). She also published a chapbook titled Women Who Marry Houses (1983).

McDougall has been awarded a fellowship from the Arkansas Arts Council and received the Porter Prize in 2000. She has received several fellowships to the MacDowell Colony for artists and has won the DeWitt Wallace/Reader’s Digest Writing Award. Her work has been published in many journals and newspapers, including Arkansas Review: A Journal of Delta Studies, The Kenyon Review, The Hudson Review, The Georgia Review, North American Review, the Arkansas Times, and the Arkansas Democrat-Gazette, and in several anthologies including Good Poems for Hard Times, edited by Garrison Keillor. She was inducted into the Arkansas Writers Hall of Fame in 2006.

A short film based on McDougall's poetry, Emerson County Shaping Dream, directed by Don Maxwell, was released in 2001. Towns Facing Railroads, a stage presentation adapted from McDougall’s work, premiered at the Arkansas Repertory Theatre in 2006. A Very Fine House, an exhibit featuring prints by Ann deVere and text by McDougall, opened at the Abrons Art Center in New York in 2005. A song cycle was created by composer Steven Ebel using poems from Towns Facing Railroads in 2005. A song cycle from Dirt was adapted for a wind ensemble by composer Ty Emerson and premiered at the Peabody Conservatory of Music in Baltimore in 2007. In 2011, she published her memoir, Daddy’s Money: A Memoir of Farm and Family.

For additional information:
Hooper, Monica, and Jennifer Stewart. “I’m Always Looking at Fields: An Interview with Jo McDougall.” Arkansas Review: A Journal of Delta Studies 36 (August 2005): 124–132. 

Jo McDougall. http://jomcdougall.net/ (accessed April 11, 2014).

McDougall, Jo. Daddy’s Money: A Memoir of Farm and Family. Fayetteville: University of Arkansas Press, 2011.

C. L. Bledsoe
Ghoti Magazine

Related Butler Center Lesson Plans:
Arkansas Poetry Connection (Grades 7-12)

Last Updated 4/11/2014

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