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Parkdale (Ashley County)

 

Latitude and Longitude:

33º07'17"N 091º32'44"W

Elevation:

118 feet

Area:

1.005 square miles (2010 Census)

Population:

277 (2010 Census)

Incorporation Date:

January 4, 1902

Historical Population as per the U.S. Census:

1810

1820

1830

1840

1850

1860

1870

1880

1890

1900

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1910

1920

1930

1940

1950

1960

1970

1980

1990

2000

383

284

371

278

385

448

459

471

393

377

2010

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

277

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

One of the oldest incorporated communities in Ashley County, Parkdale (formerly known as Poplar Bluff) has benefited from its location on Bayou Bartholomew and on the Missouri Pacific railroad (now the Union Pacific railroad). Once a busy, prosperous, and even violent city, Parkdale has become a relatively quiet community in the twenty-first century.

John Tillman Hughes built a store at the present location of Parkdale in 1857. Some farmers were already working the land near the bayou at that time, including William Morris, John Harris, and William Butler. Morris’s son, John William Morris, worked as a clerk in Hughes’s store and later opened his own store. A Methodist church had also been built in the area sometime in the 1850s. The settlement that grew up around the steamboat landing was called Poplar Bluff because of a prominent grove of trees near the landing. A Missionary Baptist church was established there in 1857. A Masonic lodge opened there the same year.

Many area residents, including Butler and Morris, served in the Confederate army during the Civil War. Ashley County, aside from providing soldiers, saw moderate activity, with one skirmish in the county in March 1864. On January 31, 1865, Federal troops raided Poplar Bluff, burning a distillery, a grist mill, and a large amount of cotton and corn. Following the war, the settlement was rebuilt, with stores, saloons, mills, a post office, and the Baptist church. A public school was established in 1884. Poplar Bluff incorporated as a town in 1889.

The railroad through Poplar Bluff was completed in the early 1890s. Because the railroad also served the larger city of Poplar Bluff, Missouri, railroad officials named the depot Parkdale. The name of the post office and of the city followed suit. Sawmills were built to process cut timber, and the city grew rapidly. In 1902, Parkdale was reincorporated as a second-class city. The Bank of Parkdale was established by 1905. Stores near the depot included a druggist, a pharmacy, several mercantile establishments, and an auction house. M. R. White published a newspaper, the Parkdale News. A bridge was built across the bayou in 1908, costing $8,000 in Ashley County funds and an additional $1,500 in local funds. A new frame schoolhouse was built in 1908; it was then replaced by a brick school building in 1917. A separate school for African Americans met outside the city limits. A telephone exchange was operating by 1912. The Baptist congregation, which had declined in size, was revitalized by a revival service in 1909 and constructed a new church building the following year.

In the early part of the twentieth century, Parkdale became notorious for violent crimes, including murders. Historian Y. W. Ethridge described Parkdale as a “boisterous community” due to the railroad, sawmills, and saloons. One citizen later said, “Parkdale was terrible. There were a bunch of outlaws. It was a shoot-up town….There was a rough and rowdy white element here. It was wild.” One of the most unusual crimes in Parkdale was the lynching of Ernest Williams, an African-American man, in June 1908. A group of African-American women had organized a league to enforce better moral conduct, and Williams had evidently not complied with their standards. Consequently, they seized him one evening, dragged him to a telegraph pole on the outskirts of Parkdale, and hanged him. His body was not discovered by local authorities until the next morning, and no one was ever charged with the crime.

A new Methodist church was constructed in the city in 1926. Because of its location on high ground, Parkdale was not affected by the Flood of 1927Arkansas Power and Light (AP&L) established electrical service in 1927, and a water system was installed in the city in 1930. As late as 1939, Parkdale’s cotton gins led the county in cotton production, with 2,600 bales of cotton ginned. A fire in 1940 destroyed part of the city, but buildings were rebuilt, and the city continued to flourish beyond the middle of the twentieth century.

After 1970, however, stores began to close, and buildings were abandoned. A tornado in 1990 brought further damage to the city. As of 2013, Parkdale remains home only to the Bayou Grain and Chemical Corporation and to a Baptist church. The Parkdale post office was renamed in 2006 for civil rights activist Willie Vaughn, a resident of Parkdale for most of his life. Parkdale was also the childhood home of Danny Davis, a prominent Chicago, Illinois, politician who began serving in the U.S. House of Representatives in 1997. Parkdale is part of the Hamburg School District.

Four properties in Parkdale are listed on the National Register of Historic Places: the Baptist church built in 1910, the Methodist church built in 1926, the house of Dr. M. C. Hawkins built in 1912, and the house of Dr. Robert George Williams built in 1903.

Lawyer and judge Turner Butler was born in Parkdale when it was called Poplar Bluff.

For additional information:
DeArmond-Huskey, Rebecca. Bartholomew’s Song: A Bayou History. Bowie, MD: Heritage Books Inc., 2001.

Etheridge, Y. W. History of Ashley County, Arkansas. Van Buren, AR: The Press-Argus, 1959.

Hillen, Michelle. “Parkdale Post Office to Bear Name of Civil-Rights Advocate.” Arkansas Democrat-Gazette, August 3, 2006, p. 1B.

Steven Teske
Butler Center for Arkansas Studies

Last Updated 1/23/2017

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