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Leola (Grant County)

 

Latitude and Longitude:

34°10'10"N 092°35'28"W

Elevation:

269 feet

Area:

0.870 square miles (2010 Census)

Population:

501 (2010 Census)

Incorporation Date:

September 5, 1907

Historical Population as per the U.S. Census:

1810

1820

1830

1840

1850

1860

1870

1880

1890

1900

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1910

1920

1930

1940

1950

1960

1970

1980

1990

2000

398

482

379

412

313

321

390

481

476

515

2010

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

501

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Formerly known as Sandy Springs, the town of Leola in Grant County was formed early in the twentieth century as a timber town served by the Rock Island Railroad. Although it struggled during the years of the Depression, Leola was revitalized in the middle of the twentieth century and remains a producer of timber in the twenty-first century.

Among the earliest white settlers in the area were John Guest, Thomas Toler, William Dyer, and Mary Dyer, who established land claims between 1843 and 1857. Most of the residents were farmers, benefiting from the rich land along the Saline River, which flooded in some years, providing a short-term inconvenience but also enriching the farmland with fresh deposits of rich soil. The settlement was variously known as New Prospect, Tuckerfield, and Sandy Springs. The ferry crossing of the Saline River, approximately three miles from Sandy Springs, was operated by Thomas Jenkins and later by his sons William and John. Jenkins’ Ferry was the site of a significant Civil War engagement, the last significant event in the Camden Expedition, on April 29–30, 1864. In 1961, the location of the engagement was made a state park.

Sandy Springs received a U.S. post office in 1870, but the community remained sparsely settled until the Rock Island Railroad arrived in 1905. A town was platted that same year and incorporated in 1907. The name was changed to Leola in memory of a girl named Leola Cunningham, who died around that time. (Oddly, the Leola cemetery records show an Alice Lela Cunningham, age two, dying in 1905 but no Leola Cunningham.) By 1913, the town had two sawmills, two stave mills, a planing mill, a bank, a high school, two churches, a hotel, twelve stores, a cotton mill, a grist mill, a heading factory, and a hub factory. Around the same time, a cannery was established to process locally grown tomatoes. The town also boasted of a movie theater, a photography studio, a barber shop, a Masonic lodge, and a brass band. During the 1920s, the population approached 500 citizens, and community leaders expected Leola to surpass the county seat, Sheridan (Grant County), in size.

The Depression, which included a decline in the timber industry, laid waste to those hopes of prosperity. The sawmills closed, followed by the town’s businesses. Leola, it appeared, would shrink to insignificance and perhaps vanish from the map, as so many other cities and towns had done. In 1936, however, H. G. Toler, a descendant of one of the original settlers, opened a new sawmill in Leola, and soon the town was growing again. A brick school was built in the 1940s, and a second sawmill was started in 1950 by Herman Wilson Jr.

Highway 229, running through Leola, was paved in 1957, and local leaders worked to have all the streets of the town paved as well. In 1964, the town government applied for and received a federal grant of $70,000 to install a new water system in the town; the grant was matched by a forty-year loan given by the Farmers Home Administration, and the water system was completed in 1965. In 1964, the Arkansas Game and Fish Commission completed a dam across Cox Creek near Leola creating Cox Creek Lake, known for fishing and boating. The International Paper Company acquired Wilson’s sawmill in 1974.

By the census of 2010, the population of Leola stood at 501. The town has at least two churches—Missionary Baptist and United Methodist—and several stores, along with lumber operations, including Toler and Sons (the town’s largest employer), International Paper, Leola Lumber Mill, and Wylie Logging Inc.

For additional information:
Goolsby, Elwin L. Our Timberland Home: A History of Grant County. Sheridan, AR: Grant County Museum, 1984.

Stuckey, Alma G. “Leola Is Little—But It’s Determined to Get Bigger.” Arkansas Gazette, October 22, 1961, p. 4E.

———. “Running Water in Leola.” Arkansas Democrat Magazine, October 17, 1965, pp. 5–6.

Steven Teske
Butler Center for Arkansas Studies

Last Updated 6/13/2017

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