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Home / Browse / Roe (Monroe County)

Roe (Monroe County)

Latitude and Longitude:

34°38'00"N 091°23'09"W

Elevation:

213 feet

Area:

0.180 square miles (2010 Census)

Population:

114 (2010 Census)

Incorporation Date:

February 16, 1968

Historical Population as per the U.S. Census:

1810

1820

1830

1840

1850

1860

1870

1880

1890

1900

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1910

1920

1930

1940

1950

1960

1970

1980

1990

2000

-

-

-

-

-

-

127

136

135

124

2010

114

Roe is a town on U.S. Highway 79 in western Monroe County. Roe is the only incorporated community in Monroe County that is west of the White River.

Roe is on the northern edge of the Grand Prairie, a part of Arkansas that was slow to be claimed and settled. Around 1880, the St. Louis Southwestern Railway (also called the Cotton Belt) was constructed through Arkansas. Roe, then located in Prairie County, was one of the depots established by the railroad. It was likely named for a railroad executive or employee. Roe received a post office in 1880; at the time, Roe was in Prairie County, but the county line was adjusted in 1883.

Being the first railroad depot south of Clarendon (Monroe County), Roe did not grow quickly. The 1935 construction of U.S. Highway 79 between Pine Bluff (Jefferson County) and Clarendon, running parallel to the railroad, increased the community’s access to the surrounding area. The city of Clarendon later built an airport just north of Roe.

To raise money for municipal services, Roe incorporated as a town in 1968. Since then, the population has remained between about 110 and 140. Roe has two churches: a United Methodist Church and a Missionary Baptist Church. It also has a pest-control business and a gun shop. Most of the residents of Roe are white, although ten African-American residents and three Hispanic residents are listed on the 2010 census. The town government consists of five part-time workers; municipal expenses include police protection and highway maintenance. Children from Roe attend school in Clarendon.

For additional information:
English, Betty. “Roe, Arkansas In the Early Days.” Monroe County Sun, September 14, 1961, p. 2.

Steven Teske
Butler Center for Arkansas Studies

Last Updated 1/23/2017

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